The historical texture of a city is considered as a valuable treasure of its culture. The spaces which have roots in the past and can connect us to the future and bring good memories. Moreover, the historical textures can respond to different urban functions. The sidewalks, passages, squares, neighborhood centers, and the houses, which have roots in the past, can help the cities to become modern and give them identity and assurance.
Why should we protect historical structures?
The importance of the urban views in public places depends on the historical roots and value; this matter is reasonable enough to prevent from the destruction of this part of the city. An old square or a historical street and house should not be destroyed because they are old, instead, they should be rebuilt and revived in order to stay in the memory of the city. The historical textures are valuable, and they should not be forgotten. They need to be improved and revived. This matter becomes more important in the cities like Tehran.
Historical Houses, the Citizens’ Collective Memory
The current residents of Tehran are facing a feeling of alienation. Old houses can destroy this feeling and create the feeling of belonging and dependence to urban spaces in people, and they can develop the historical credibility of the city by improving the visual quality of the historical textures.
Reviving historical places means protecting the urban collective memory of Tehran City. The historical houses, as a significant part of urban spaces, can not only revive the collective memory, but also they can create and promote “sense of belonging”, “social solidarity”, and “sense of the place” as psychological, social, and environmental functions. It might be interesting for you to know that after the creation of collective memory, the economic, social, environmental, special, managerial, and cultural aspects will be strengthened in Tehran city.
Etehadieh Garden House, the Sole Historical Survivor of Lalehzar Street
“Etehadieh Garden House” or “Amin al-Soltan’s House” is a mansion situated at the center of Tehran City from Qajar era. This historical house is the sole survivor of Lalehzar Street and one of the most valuable architectural works from Qajar era. Since this house is located between Ferdowsi Street and Lalehzar Tehran, it has always been a place for foreign guests and political meetings.
Removed from the List of National Monuments, Bought by Municipality
“Etehadieh Garden House” was registered in the national monuments list of Iran with 12057 registration number in July 3, 2005. After a while, this house and Parvin Eesami’s house were removed from the national monument list with verdict of the Administrative Court of Justice of Iran, and they were about to be destroyed. In February 2014, the members of Tehran City Council voted for buying and rebuilding this historical house by municipality, and Etehadieh House was bought for the price of 28 billion toman by TBO in Octobre,2015, and the improvement and reviving process started ever since. The heirs were worried that the house be destroyed, and TBO assured 150 of the heirs that this house will be rebuilt and protected.
Etehadieh Family used to live in this historical house, which is 3500 meters and has 4 mansions and 2 yards. The yards have 8 pools, 6 cisterns and historical water distribution network. The whole structure has been revived and improved in order to become Mashahir Museum (the museum of Iranian prominent figures).
Reviving Etehadieh House with the Help of Professional Architects
The structures existing in this house are from Qajar, First Pahlavi, and Second Pahlavi eras. This complex has two entrances; one in Lalehzar Street and the other one in Ferdowsi Street. All these special features caused municipality to employ professional architects to maintain this historical place.
In the first visit, it was determined that more than 70 percent of the structures in this house need to be repaired and improved. Therefore, in the first level, the Architecture Steering Board was formed, in which more than 50 art and architecture experts and supervisors were present. They have decided to plan different time phases for the project and to maintain the historical texture and the real shape of the house in order to prepare it for the museum.
Strengthening the Structure with the Help of the Latest Scientific Methods in the World
First, ten history expert teams strengthened the structures of Etehadieh House with the help of the latest scientific methods in the world.
Later the windcatcher of the house was repaired in April, 2017, and in the first phase of this project, some parts of this mansion were open to be used as Mashahir Museum.
Brick Doorway, the Most Beautiful Part of Etehadieh House
The most important and beautiful part of the house is the brick doorway – Lalehzar Street Entrance-, which has an elegant cornice on the top, a half round column on two sides of the door, the decorated and carved bricks on the top of the door, the fame related to divine names, and the Mongolian arc with Islamic patterns in the lamp place showing two dragons. Moreover, the entrance door arc is beautiful like Indian and Mongolian ones with lower bent. This doorway is made by skillful brick masters of Neishabour, which is repaired by TBO because of its beautify and importance.
Etehadieh House, a Museum for All Iranian Prominent Figures
According to the plans, the structure will be ready for use in the first half of this year. This place will become a museum for Iranian prominent figures in close future. Based on the initial plans, this house will have Sacred Defense, Islamic Revolution, Culture and Art, Sport, Education, International, and Children sections. Different sculptures related to the history of these sections will be placed in this house in order to turn it into a happy place for the citizens to get familiar with different famous figures in the history.