Reviewing Architecture and Urban Planning Developments and Their Contributing Factors
S. Divsalar, S. Mahmoud Kelayeh
Architecture and urban planning in Iran has been influenced by contemporary social and economic developments and have undergone enormous changes. The changes have been so radical that have given rise to many styles and challenges in Iranian architecture and urban planning including both conceptual and objective spaces. Tehran city which has been in the epicenter of these developments, is among the cities which have been completely changed in different historical periods. These changes include physical expansion and numerous architecture styles which are seen as a manifestation of these developments.
With the emergence of innovative and novel ideas during the past 50 years, these developments resulted in inappropriate and surface imitation of European architecture styles and turned the Iranian cities into importer of European architecture styles.
This was initially affected by the Qajar Kings frequent visits to Europe, and was impacted by Constitutional reforms and was subsequently intensified under the influence of Iranian students returning from abroad. This in turn, gave rise to the emergence of cities which were neither similar to Western cities nor to their own past. As a matter of fact, objectified spaces which have arisen from these thought movements as the root cause of the identity crisis in the architecture and urban planning of Iranian cities. The present article seeks to review the factors affecting such movements and shed some light on their historical background and ultimately pave the way for finding way out of the identity crisis.